Types of Male Infertility
Reproduction is a natural process and it is a dream of every couple. However, some couples are facing difficulties in having a baby in their life. Sometimes, It might be due to infertility. Typically, Infertility problem is thought to women’s problem. But, out of all infertility cases, approximately 30%-40% is due to male infertility.
What Is Male Infertility?
Male infertility is referred to the inability of the male partner to make his female partner conceive. Although they have had unprotected sexual intercourse frequently for a year. Generally, the fertility of a man depends on the quality of the sperm generated.
Male infertility causes are of the manifold; they may occur due to environmental factors like radiation, industrial chemicals, etc, due to sexual dysfunctions, semen quality also affects fertility; libido, erectile dysfunction, sperm count, sperm motility, testosterone levels. Fertility may also depend on genetics, healthy lifestyle, hormones, diseases, and dietary contaminants etc.
Types of Male Infertility
Hardly male infertility is categorized into three types and they are as follows:
Azoospermia is associated with male infertility. It is a medical condition where the semen(fluid ejaculated during orgasm) of a man doesn’t contain any sperm.
Azoospermia is broadly categorized into two types:
Obstructive Azoospermia: It is a condition where sperm is being produced inside the testicles, but in the reproductive tube if any blockage or obstruction is preventing the sperm from flowing outside is termed as Obstructive Azoospermia.
Non-Obstructive Azoospermia: It is a condition where sperm is being produced inside the testicles, but there might be a problem in sperm production where there is no production of the sperm, or the production level of sperm might be is very low. It is as low as that the sperm would perhaps never make it all the way out of the testicle and it is found inside the testicle only.
This condition can be seen in 5%of infertile men. The causes azoospermia may be due to surgical procedures like a vasectomy or due to a congenital condition, genetic or acquired.
Asthenozoospermia is a medical term, which means in this condition the sperm motility(the ability of sperm to move efficiently) is affected. After the sperm enters the vagina, they swim actively to reach the fallopian tubes where the fertilization takes place.
Sperm motility is of two types according to the movement of individual sperm i.e. Progressive motility and non-progressive motility. Progressive motility is said to be if the sperm is swimming linearly or in large circles.
Non-progressive motility is said to be if the sperm moves irregularly or go around and around in the same place.
Experts say that 40%-50% of the sperm should be of the excellent quality and with progressive motility. According to the WHO, a man have asthenozoospermia if the ejaculate having less than 40% of sperm motility as the sperm is unable to reach the egg and fertilize it. Asthenozoospermia may be caused due to infections, testicular problems like undescended testicles, testicular surgery, injuries, Teratozoospermia, Varicocele, Vasectomies, Chemotherapy, and radiotherapy, etc.
Oligospermia or Oligozoospermia
Oligospermia is termed as male infertility problem due to low sperm concentration (the number of sperms present in the ejaculate at orgasm) in the semen. Sperm count varies throughout your life and a healthy sperm amount is necessary for fertilization. According to WHO the sperm concentration or sperm count should be equal or above 15 million per ML of semen. If the sperm count is less than this then the condition is said to be oligospermia.
It is categorized into various types depending on the quantity of sperm present in semen which follows:
Mild oligospermia: If the sperm concentration is between 10 to 15 million per mL.
Moderate oligospermia: If the sperm concentration is between 5 to 10 million per mL
Severe oligospermia: If the sperm concentration is between 0 and 5 million per mL.
It may be caused due to sexually transmitted infections, ejaculation issues hormonal issues, exposure to chemicals and metals, overheating testicles, drug and alcohol usage, stress and weight problems etc.
Although it’s quite embarrassing and heartbreaking for one to be in the position of not being able to reproduce, medicine is the hope and a possible solution to overcome many such problems. You can call us, book your consultation and speak to our experts right away to clear your doubts, confusion and your problem.
About The Hospital:
At Neelima Hospitals we have been creating miracles every day, for over 20 years. Regardless of your situation, our nationally recognized fertility specialists can work closely with you to develop a personalized fertility treatment plan, including IVF, PGD, egg donation & and other fertility options. As a leading destination for fertility tourism and travel, our Neelima MOM fertility center offers hope to patients around the world. Neelima MOM Fertility Center takes your dreams seriously and is dedicated to providing compassionate care, so why not get to know us better…
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November 23, 2018