Sperm can be aspirated with a needle from the testicle or from the vas deferens (a structure right next to the testicle that also contains sperm). The man is given some drugs to sedate him and some local anesthesia is also used to numb the area. Then a small needle is inserted and sperm is aspirated from either the epididymis or the testicle. There should be no severe pain. The procedure generally takes about 30 minutes. The sperms retrieved can be used for the IVF-ICSI procedure.
- Males with low sperm count.
- Males with no sperm count ( Azoospermia).
- Males with blocked tubes in their testes, or because of a genetic condition that prevents their sperm being released, require some form of surgical sperm retrieval.
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- Medications are given for development of one or more mature follicles in a woman’s ovaries.
- Ovulation induction cycles are followed by a HCG Injection to induce ovulation, the final maturation of the egg and loosening of the egg from the follicle wall.
- Pelvic ultrasound scans are used to access the endometrium (lining of the womb) and to determine how the follicles are developing.
- The couple is advised to have intercourse as per the ovulation scan and days suggested by the doctor.
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For whom is Ovulation Induction suggested?
Ovulation induction treatment is suggested for:
- Women experiencing unexplained infertility issues.
- Women who have regularly irregular periods.
- Women who do not ovulate.
Ovulation induction treatment isn’t suggested for:
- Women above 38 years.
- Women who have fallopian tubes blocked.
- Women having extreme endometriosis.
- Couples having low sperm count or less sperm mobility.